Sci. Adv. Today 2 (2016) 25253  
  Review Article  
Implantable sensors for medical applications  
  Keat Ghee Ong, Sterling Prince and Andrew J. DeRouin  
Biomedical Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931
  Implantable sensors play important roles in medical care by collecting measurements that are essential to the operation of medical implants and providing quantitative medical data for physicians to customize and individualize treatment approaches for their patients. Implantable sensors are designed to measure physical parameters, chemical quantities, or even electrical signals depending on the specific applications. These sensors can be simple, battery-less implants that are monitored with an external interrogating device, or complex electronic devices that can record, process, and transmit measurements in real time. This review includes promising implantable sensors that are being developed or have been deployed clinically for various applications. Specifically, implantable sensors are described for use in orthopedic repairs, cardiovascular disease treatments, control of diabetes, and monitoring of the gastrointestinal track. The medical needs, operational principles, limitations, strengths, and future perspective of these implantable sensors are also discussed.  
  Cite this article as:  
  Keat Ghee Ong, Sterling Prince and Andrew J. DeRouin, Implantable sensors for medical applications, Sci. Adv. Today 2 (2016) 25253.