Sci. Adv. Today 3 (2017) 25275  
  Review Article  
Fabrication of self-assembled three-dimensional nano-photonic crystals and potentials applications  
  Ashish Yadava, Sayed Elshahata, Luigi Bibbòa, Karim Khana, Xiaopin Tanga, Jai Prakashb, Gary J Chengc,d, Ajeet Kaushike and Zhengbiao Ouyanga  
a College of Electronic Science and Technology of Shenzhen University, THz Technical Research Center of Shenzhen University, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, Shenzhen 518060, P. R. China
b Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh – 202002, U.P., India
c School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University,315 N. Grant St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
d Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, 1205 W State St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
e Centre for Personalized Nanomedicine, Institute of Neuro Immune Pharmacology, Department of Immunology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL, 33199, USA

  Photonic crystals (PCs) have achieved significant attention of researchers due to their ability of self-assembly arrangement. The PCs exhibit physical properties such as photonic bandgaps, high reflectance/transmittance, low loss and lasing in the visible range of wavelengths needed for optical systems of desired performance. For application of these properties, significant efforts are being made to explore novel cost-effective fabrication method to develop 3D-PCs based on nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nano-PCs have shown enhanced optical and lasing properties resulting in miniaturized opto-electric systems exhibiting higher reliability for measurements over other existing systems. Keeping such advancements in view, this review discusses different techniques explored to fabricate nano-PhCs along with the physical parameters in the fabrication process and related potential applications.  
  Cite this article as:  
  Ashish Yadav, Sayed Elshahat, Luigi Bibbò, Karim Khan, Xiaopin Tang, Jai Prakash, Gary J Cheng, Ajeet Kaushik and Zhengbiao Ouyang, Fabrication of self-assembled three-dimensional nano-photonic crystals and potentials applications , Sci. Adv. Today 3 (2017) 25275.